Journal cover Journal topic
Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Clim. Past, 12, 2107-2126, 2016
http://www.clim-past.net/12/2107/2016/
doi:10.5194/cp-12-2107-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
01 Dec 2016
The 1430s: a cold period of extraordinary internal climate variability during the early Spörer Minimum with social and economic impacts in north-western and central Europe
Chantal Camenisch et al.
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Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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SC1: 'The Spörer Minimum is not a period of climate', Gareth S. Jones, 17 Feb 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC1: 'Reply to short comment 1', Chantal Camenisch, 06 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
 
SC2: 'Hisklid Database was replaced by tambora.org', Michael Kahle, 24 Feb 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC2: 'Reply to short comment 2', Chantal Camenisch, 06 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
 
RC1: 'Valuable paper, but needs refinement', Carsten Lemmen, 09 Mar 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC3: 'Reply to review 1', Chantal Camenisch, 06 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
 
RC2: 'Referee Comments', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Mar 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
RC4: 'Historical quotation and demonic views of weather disasters', Anonymous Referee #3, 14 Mar 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC4: 'Reply to review 2', Chantal Camenisch, 06 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
 
RC3: 'A very stimulating paper and a valuable contribution, needs some revisions', Anonymous Referee #3, 13 Mar 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC5: 'Reply to review 3', Chantal Camenisch, 06 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
Peer review completion
AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by Editor) (21 Jul 2016) by Dr. Thorsten Kiefer  
AR by Dr. Chantal Camenisch on behalf of the Authors (06 Aug 2016)  Author's response  Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by Editor) (24 Sep 2016) by Dr. Thorsten Kiefer  
AR by Svenja Lange on behalf of the Authors (25 Oct 2016)  Author's response
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (03 Nov 2016) by Dr. Thorsten Kiefer  
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Short summary
Throughout the last millennium, several cold periods occurred which affected humanity. Here, we investigate an exceptionally cold decade during the 15th century. The cold conditions challenged the food production and led to increasing food prices and a famine in parts of Europe. In contrast to periods such as the “Year Without Summer” after the eruption of Tambora, these extreme climatic conditions seem to have occurred by chance and in relation to the internal variability of the climate system.
Throughout the last millennium, several cold periods occurred which affected humanity. Here, we...
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