Greenland ice core evidence of the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption 1Institute for the Dynamics of the Environmental Processes, CNR, University of Venice, 30123 Venice, Italy
13 Jun 2013
2Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, University of Venice, Ca' Foscari, 30123 Venice, Italy
3Department of Earth Sciences, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
4Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
*These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 02 Oct 2012 – Published in Clim. Past Discuss.: 07 Nov 2012 Abstract. Volcanic tephra are independent age horizons and can synchronize strata of
various paleoclimate records including ice and sediment cores. The Holocene
section of the Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) ice core is dated by
multi-parameter annual layer counting, and contains peaks in acidity,
SO42− and microparticle concentrations at a depth of 429.1 to
429.3 m, which have not previously been definitively ascribed to a volcanic
eruption. Here, we identify tephra particles and determine that volcanic
shards extracted from a depth of 429.3 m in the GRIP ice core are likely due
to the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption. The chemical composition of the tephra
particles is consistent with the K-phonolitic composition of the Vesuvius
juvenile ejecta and differs from the chemical composition of other major
eruptions (≥ VEI 4) between 50–100 AD.
Revised: 09 Apr 2013 – Accepted: 07 May 2013 – Published: 13 Jun 2013
Citation: Barbante, C., Kehrwald, N. M., Marianelli, P., Vinther, B. M., Steffensen, J. P., Cozzi, G., Hammer, C. U., Clausen, H. B., and Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L.: Greenland ice core evidence of the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption, Clim. Past, 9, 1221-1232, doi:10.5194/cp-9-1221-2013, 2013.