Mid-Pliocene East Asian monsoon climate simulated in the PlioMIP 1Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
03 Sep 2013
2Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
3UniResearch, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen 5007, Norway
4Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
5National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
6School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, LS29JT, UK
7British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG, UK
8Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
9LSCE/IPSL, CNRS-CEA-UVSQ, Saclay, France
10Sisyphe, CNRS/UPMC Univ Paris 06, Paris, France
11School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Road, Bristol, BS8 1SS, UK
12Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan
13Columbia University–NASA/GISS, New York, NY, USA
14Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
15Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC, Yokohama, Japan
Received: 22 February 2013 – Published in Clim. Past Discuss.: 28 February 2013 Abstract. Based on simulations with 15 climate models in the Pliocene Model
Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP), the regional climate of East Asia
(focusing on China) during the mid-Pliocene is investigated in this study.
Compared to the pre-industrial, the multi-model ensemble mean (MMM) of all
models shows the East Asian summer winds (EASWs) largely strengthen in
monsoon China, and the East Asian winter winds (EAWWs) strengthen in south
monsoon China but slightly weaken in north monsoon China in the mid-Pliocene.
The MMM of all models also illustrates a warmer and wetter mid-Pliocene
climate in China. The simulated weakened mid-Pliocene EAWWs in north monsoon
China and intensified EASWs in monsoon China agree well with geological
reconstructions. However, there is a large model–model discrepancy in
simulating mid-Pliocene EAWW, which should be further addressed in the
future work of PlioMIP.
Revised: 10 July 2013 – Accepted: 22 July 2013 – Published: 03 September 2013
Citation: Zhang, R., Yan, Q., Zhang, Z. S., Jiang, D., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Haywood, A. M., Hill, D. J., Dolan, A. M., Stepanek, C., Lohmann, G., Contoux, C., Bragg, F., Chan, W.-L., Chandler, M. A., Jost, A., Kamae, Y., Abe-Ouchi, A., Ramstein, G., Rosenbloom, N. A., Sohl, L., and Ueda, H.: Mid-Pliocene East Asian monsoon climate simulated in the PlioMIP, Clim. Past, 9, 2085-2099, doi:10.5194/cp-9-2085-2013, 2013.