Journal cover Journal topic
Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 3.174 IF 3.174
  • IF 5-year value: 3.841 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore value: 3.48 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 1.078 SNIP 1.078
  • SJR value: 1.981 SJR 1.981
  • IPP value: 3.38 IPP 3.38
  • h5-index value: 42 h5-index 42
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 58 Scimago H
    index 58
Volume 10, issue 4 | Copyright
Clim. Past, 10, 1501-1522, 2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 20 Aug 2014

Research article | 20 Aug 2014

Pairwise homogeneity assessment of HadISD

R. J. H. Dunn, K. M. Willett, C. P. Morice, and D. E. Parker R. J. H. Dunn et al.
  • Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, UK

Abstract. We report on preliminary steps in the homogenisation of HadISD, a sub-daily, station-based data set covering 1973–2013. Using temperature, dew point temperature, sea-level pressure and wind speeds, change points are detected using the Pairwise Homogenisation Algorithm from Menne and Williams Jr. (2009). Monthly-mean values and monthly-mean diurnal ranges (temperature and dew point temperature) or monthly-maximum values (wind speeds) are processed using the full network of 6103 stations in HadISD. Where multiple change points are detected within 1 year, they are combined and the average date is used. Under the assumption that the underlying true population of inhomogeneity magnitudes is Gaussian, inhomogeneity magnitudes as small as around 0.5 °C, 0.5 hPa or 0.5 m s−1 have been successfully detected. The change point dates and inhomogeneity magnitudes for each of the calculation methods will be provided alongside the data set to allow users to select stations which have different levels of homogeneity. We give an example application of this change point information in calculating global temperature values from HadISD and comparing these to CRUTEM4. Removing the most inhomogeneous stations results in a better match between HadISD and CRUTEM4 when matched to the same coverage. However, further removals of stations with smaller and fewer inhomogeneities worsen the match.

Publications Copernicus