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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 12, issue 9 | Copyright

Special issue: Human–land–sea interactions in the Mediterranean...

Clim. Past, 12, 1847-1877, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1847-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 12 Sep 2016

Research article | 12 Sep 2016

Interactions between climate change and human activities during the early to mid-Holocene in the eastern Mediterranean basins

Jean-Francois Berger1, Laurent Lespez2, Catherine Kuzucuoğlu3, Arthur Glais4, Fuad Hourani5, Adrien Barra6, and Jean Guilaine7 Jean-Francois Berger et al.
  • 1Université de Lyon, CNRS, Université Lyon 2-Lumière, UMR 5600 EVS, 69007, France
  • 2Université Paris Est Créteil (UPEC), UMR CNRS 8591 LGP, France
  • 3Université Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne, UMR CNRS 8591 LGP, France
  • 4Université Caen-Basse Normandie, UMR CNRS 6554 LETG-Caen, France
  • 5University of Jordan, Faculty of Archaeology and Tourism, Amman, Jordan
  • 6Université de Lyon, CNRS, Université Lyon 2-Lumière, UMR 5600 EVS, 69007, France
  • 7Collége de France, Paris, France

Abstract. This paper focuses on early Holocene rapid climate change (RCC) records in the Mediterranean zone, which are under-represented in continental archives (9.2 to 8.2ka events) and on their impact on prehistoric societies. This lack of data handicaps the general interpretation of climate impacts on human societies, which flourished in recent years. Key questions remain about the impact of early Holocene cooling events on the Mediterranean climate, ecosystems and human societies. In this paper, we discuss some examples from river and lake systems from the eastern to central Mediterranean area (central Anatolia, Cyprus, northeastern and northwestern Greece) that illustrate some palaeohydrological and erosion variations that modified the sustainability of the first Neolithic populations in this region. Results allow us to present direct land–sea correlations and to reconstruct regional long-term trends as well as millennial- to centennial-scale climatic changes. In this context, we question the socio-economic and geographical adaptation capacities of these societies (mobility, technology, economic practices, social organisation) during the “early Holocene” interval (11.7 to 8.2ka), which corresponds partly to the Sapropel 1 deposition in the eastern Mediterranean sea.

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This paper focuses on early Holocene rapid climate changes in the Mediterranean zone, which are under-represented in continental archives, and on their impact on prehistoric societies from the eastern to central Mediterranean (central Anatolia, Cyprus, NE and NW Greece). Our study demonstrates the reality of hydrogeomorphological responses to early Holocene RCCs in valleys and alluvial fans and lake–marsh systems. We finally question their socio-economic and geographical adaptation capacities.
This paper focuses on early Holocene rapid climate changes in the Mediterranean zone, which are...
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