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Volume 13, issue 11 | Copyright

Special issue: Climate of the past 2000 years: regional and trans-regional...

Clim. Past, 13, 1609-1634, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-1609-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 17 Nov 2017

Research article | 17 Nov 2017

Antarctic climate variability on regional and continental scales over the last 2000 years

Barbara Stenni et al.
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Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., and Arrowsmith, C.: Environmental signals in a highly resolved ice core from James Ross Island, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D20116, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016147, 2011.
Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., Wolff, E. W., Triest, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Trusel, L. D., Vimeux, F., Fleet, L., and Arrowsmith, C.: Acceleration of snow melt in an Antarctic Peninsula ice core during the twentieth century, Nat. Geosci., 6, 404–411, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1787, 2013.
Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., Vimeux, F., Phipps, S. J., Turner, J., and England, M. H.: Evolution of the Southern Annular Mode during the past millennium, Nat. Clim. Change, 4, 564–569, https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2235, 2014.
Abram, N. J., McGregor, H. V., Tierney, J. E., Evans, M. N., McKay, N. P., Kaufman, D. S., and the PAGES 2k Consortium: Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents, Nature, 536, 411–418, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082, 2016.
Armour, K. C., Marshall, J., Scott, J. R., Donohoe, A., and Newsom, E. R.: Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport, Nat. Geosci., 9, 549–554, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2731, 2016.
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Within PAGES Antarctica2k, we build an enlarged database of ice core water stable isotope records. We produce isotopic composites and temperature reconstructions since 0 CE for seven distinct Antarctic regions. We find a significant cooling trend from 0 to 1900 CE across all regions. Since 1900 CE, significant warming trends are identified for three regions. Only for the Antarctic Peninsula is this most recent century-scale trend unusual in the context of last-2000-year natural variability.
Within PAGES Antarctica2k, we build an enlarged database of ice core water stable isotope...
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