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Volume 13, issue 3 | Copyright

Special issue: Southern perspectives on climate and the environment from...

Clim. Past, 13, 231-248, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-231-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 15 Mar 2017

Research article | 15 Mar 2017

Tropical forcing of increased Southern Ocean climate variability revealed by a 140-year subantarctic temperature reconstruction

Chris S. M. Turney et al.
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Baker, C., Chilvers, B., Constantine, R., DuFresne, S., Mattlin, R., Van Helden, A., and Hitchmough, R.: Conservation status of New Zealand marine mammals (suborders Cetacea and Pinnipedia), 2009, New Zeal J. Mar. Fresh., 44, 101–115, 2010.
Biondi, F. and Waikul, K.: DENDROCLIM2002: A C+ +  program for statistical calibration of climate signals in tree-ring chronologies, Comput. Geosci., 30, 303–311, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2003.11.004, 2003.
Boersma, P. D. and Rebstock, G. A.: Climate change increases reproductive failure in Magellanic penguins, PLoS ONE, 9, e85602, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085602, 2014.
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The Southern Ocean plays a fundamental role in global climate but suffers from a dearth of observational data. As the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 2013–2014 we have developed the first annually resolved temperature record using trees from subantarctic southwest Pacific (52–54˚S) to extend the climate record back to 1870. With modelling we show today's high climate variability became established in the ~1940s and likely driven by a Rossby wave response originating from the tropical Pacific.
The Southern Ocean plays a fundamental role in global climate but suffers from a dearth of...
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