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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 10 | Copyright
Clim. Past, 14, 1487-1497, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1487-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Oct 2018

Research article | 19 Oct 2018

Vulnerability, resilience and adaptation of societies during major extreme storms during the Little Ice Age

Emmanuelle Athimon1,2 and Mohamed Maanan1 Emmanuelle Athimon and Mohamed Maanan
  • 1Université de Nantes, LETG-Nantes (UMR 6554), BP 81227 – 44312 Nantes CEDEX 3, France
  • 2Université de Nantes, CRHIA (EA 1163), 44312 Nantes CEDEX 3, France

Abstract. This paper reviews more than 19691 French historical documents from 14 French archive centres. To assess data from historical documents, a method has been applied that leads to a record of 101 extreme storms with damage, including 38 coastal floods. Thus, the results show periods of increasing and decreasing storm frequency. These periods are examined. Furthermore, coastal hazards have forced societies to adapt and develop specific skills, lifestyles and coping strategies. This paper analyses some responses of past societies to these hazards. By doing so, useful ideas may be (re)discovered by today's communities in order to enable us to adapt and develop resilience. Similarly, a thorough knowledge of past meteorological hazards may allow our societies to recreate a link with territory, particularly through the (re)construction of an effective memory of these phenomena.

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This paper reviews thousands of French historical documents. They show a record of extreme storms and sea floods. The results show periods of increasing and decreasing storm frequency over a long time. Furthermore, coastal hazards have forced societies to adapt and develop specific coping strategies. This paper analyses responses of past societies to these hazards. Thus, useful ideas may be (re)discovered by today’s societies to enable us to adapt and be resilient.
This paper reviews thousands of French historical documents. They show a record of extreme...
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