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CP | Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
Clim. Past, 14, 1739–1754, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1739-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: “Global Challenges for our Common Future: a paleoscience perspective”...

Clim. Past, 14, 1739–1754, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1739-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 14 Nov 2018

Research article | 14 Nov 2018

Early Pliocene vegetation and hydrology changes in western equatorial South America

Friederike Grimmer et al.
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Cited articles  
Anderson, V. J., Saylor, J. E., Shanahan, T. M., and Horton, B. K.: Paleoelevation records from lipid biomarkers: Application to the tropical Andes, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 127, 1604–1616, 2015. 
Bermúdez, M. A., Hoorn, C., Bernet, M., Carrillo, E., van der Beek, P. A., Garver, J. I., Mora, J. L., and Mehrkian, K.: The detrital record of late-Miocene to Pliocene surface uplift and exhumation of the Venezuelan Andes in the Maracaibo and Barinas foreland basins, Basin Res., 29, 370–395, 2015. 
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Barnes, J. B., Ehlers, T. A., Insel, N., McQuarrie, N., and Poulsen, C. J.: Linking orography, climate, and exhumation across the central Andes, Geology, 40, 1135–1138, 2012. 
Bartoli, G., Sarnthein, M., Weinelt, M., Erlenkeuser, H., Garbe-Schönberg, D., and Lea, D. W.: Final closure of Panama and the onset of northern hemisphere glaciation, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 237, 33–44, 2005. 
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We present the first marine pollen record of the early Pliocene from western equatorial South America. Our reconstruction of the vegetation aims to provide insights into hydrological changes related to tectonic events (Central American Seaway closure, uplift of the Northern Andes). We find stable humid conditions, suggesting a southern location of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The presence of high montane vegetation indicates an early uplift of the Western Cordillera of the northern Andes.
We present the first marine pollen record of the early Pliocene from western equatorial South...
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