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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 15, issue 1
Clim. Past, 15, 153-168, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 15, 153-168, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 24 Jan 2019

Research article | 24 Jan 2019

Heinrich events show two-stage climate response in transient glacial simulations

Florian Andreas Ziemen et al.
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Cited articles  
Álvarez-Solas, J., Montoya, M., Ritz, C., Ramstein, G., Charbit, S., Dumas, C., Nisancioglu, K., Dokken, T., and Ganopolski, A.: Heinrich event 1: an example of dynamical ice-sheet reaction to oceanic changes, Clim. Past, 7, 1297–1306,, 2011.
Álvarez-Solas, J., Robinson, A., Montoya, M., and Ritz, C.: Iceberg discharges of the last glacial period driven by oceanic circulation changes, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 16350–16354,, 2013.
Arndt, J. E.: Marine geomorphological record of Ice Sheet development in East Greenland since the Last Glacial Maximum, J. Quaternary Sci., 33, 853–864,, 2018.
Arz, H. W., Pätzold, J., and Wefer, G.: Correlated Millennial-Scale Changes in Surface Hydrography and Terrigenous Sediment Yield Inferred from Last-Glacial Marine Deposits off Northeastern Brazil, Quaternary Res., 50, 157–166, 1998.
Bard, E., Rostek, F., Turon, J.-L., and Gendreau, S.: Hydrological Impact of Heinrich Events in the Subtropical Northeast Atlantic, Science, 289, 1321–1324, 2000.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Heinrich events are among the dominant modes of glacial climate variability. They are caused by massive ice discharges from the Laurentide Ice Sheet into the North Atlantic. In previous studies, the climate changes were either seen as resulting from freshwater released from the melt of the discharged icebergs or by ice sheet elevation changes. With a coupled ice sheet–climate model, we show that both effects are relevant with the freshwater effects preceding the ice sheet elevation effects.
Heinrich events are among the dominant modes of glacial climate variability. They are caused by...