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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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CP | Articles | Volume 15, issue 1
Clim. Past, 15, 307-334, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-307-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 15, 307-334, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-307-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 Feb 2019

Research article | 15 Feb 2019

Inconsistencies between observed, reconstructed, and simulated precipitation indices for England since the year 1650 CE

Oliver Bothe et al.
Data sets

Precipitation and Temperature from a Regional Climate Model simulation with CCLM for Europe over the period 1645–1999 CE PRIME2 https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5952025.v1

A new daily central England temperature series, 1772–1991 (https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadcet/) D. E. Parker, T. P. Legg, and C. K. Folland https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3370120402

Updated precipitation series for the U.K. and discussion of recent extremes (https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadukp/) L. V. Alexander and P. D. Jones https://doi.org/10.1006/asle.2000.0016

An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Temperature Database (http://climexp.knmi.nl/) T. C. Peterson and R. S. Vose https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<2837:AOOTGH>2.0.CO;2

A millennial long March–July precipitation reconstruction for southern-central England (https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo-search/study/12907) R. Wilson, D. Miles, N. Loader, T. Melvin, L. Cunningham, R. Cooper, and K. Briffa https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1318-z

A tree-ring reconstruction of East Anglian (UK) hydroclimate variability over the last millennium (https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo-search/study/12896) R. Cooper, T. Melvin, I. Tyers, R. Wilson, and K. Briffa https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1328-x

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Short summary
Our understanding of future climate changes increases if different sources of information agree on past climate variations. Changing climates particularly impact local scales for which future changes in precipitation are highly uncertain. Here, we use information from observations, model simulations, and climate reconstructions for regional precipitation over the British Isles. We find these do not agree well on precipitation variations over the past few centuries.
Our understanding of future climate changes increases if different sources of information agree...
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