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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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CP | Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
Clim. Past, 15, 493–520, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-493-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 15, 493–520, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-493-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 21 Mar 2019

Research article | 21 Mar 2019

An energy balance model for paleoclimate transitions

Brady Dortmans et al.
Related subject area  
Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Cenozoic
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Cited articles  
Arnold, L., Namachchivaya, N. S., and Schenk, K.: Toward an understanding of stochastic bifurcation: Case study, Internat. J. Bifur. Chaos, 6, 1947–1979, 1996. a
Baatsen, M., von der Heydt, A. S., Huber, M., Kliphuis, M. A., Bijl, P. K., Sluijs, A., and Dijkstra, H. A.: Equilibrium state and sensitivity of the simulated middle-to-late Eocene climate, Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2018-43, in review, 2018. a
Ballantyne, A. P., Greenwood, D. R., Sinninghe Damsté, J. S., Csank, A. Z., Eberle, J. J., and Rybczynski, N.: Significantly Warmer Arctic Surface Temperatures during the Pliocene Indicated by Multiple Independent Proxies, Geology, 38, 603–606, 2010. a, b, c
Barron, E. J.: A warm, equable Cretaceous: the nature of the problem, Earth-Sci. Rev., 19, 305–338, 1983. a, b, c, d, e, f
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In geology and in paleoclimate science, most changes are caused by well-understood forces acting slowly over long periods of time. However, in highly nonlinear physical systems, mathematical bifurcation theory predicts that small changes in forcing can cause major changes in the system in a short period of time. This paper explores some sudden changes in the paleoclimate history of the Earth, where it appears that bifurcation theory gives a more satisfying explanation than uniformitarianism.
In geology and in paleoclimate science, most changes are caused by well-understood forces acting...
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