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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 8, issue 1 | Copyright
Clim. Past, 8, 79-87, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-79-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Technical note 06 Jan 2012

Technical note | 06 Jan 2012

Technical note: Late Pliocene age control and composite depths at ODP Site 982, revisited

N. Khélifi1,*, M. Sarnthein1, and B. D. A. Naafs2,3 N. Khélifi et al.
  • 1Institute of Geosciences, University of Kiel, 24118 Kiel, Germany
  • 2Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 3Leibniz Center for Earth Surface and Climate Studies, Institute for Geosciences Potsdam University, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
  • *present address: Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), 24148 Kiel, Germany

Abstract. Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 982 provided a key sediment section at Rockall Plateau for reconstructing northeast Atlantic paleoceanography and monitoring benthic δ18O stratigraphy over the late Pliocene to Quaternary onset of major Northern Hemisphere glaciation. A renewed hole-specific inspection of magnetostratigraphic reversals and the addition of epibenthic δ18O records for short Pliocene sections in holes 982A, B, and C, crossing core breaks in the δ18O record published for Hole 982B, now imply a major revision of composite core depths. After tuning to the orbitally tuned reference record LR04, the new composite δ18O record results in a hiatus, where the Kaena magnetic subchron might have been lost, and in a significant age reduction for all proxy records by 130 to 20 ky over the time span 3.2–2.7 million years ago (Ma). Our study demonstrates the general significance of reliable composite-depth scales and δ18O stratigraphies in ODP sediment records for generating ocean-wide correlations in paleoceanography. The new concept of age control makes the late Pliocene trends in SST (sea surface temperature) and atmospheric pCO2 at Site 982 more consistent with various paleoclimate trends published from elsewhere in the North Atlantic.

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