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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 9, issue 1 | Copyright

Special issue: Advances in understanding and applying speleothem climate...

Clim. Past, 9, 89-98, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-89-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Jan 2013

Research article | 21 Jan 2013

Simulated European stalagmite record and its relation to a quasi-decadal climate mode

G. Lohmann1, A. Wackerbarth2, P. M. Langebroek1,4, M. Werner1, J. Fohlmeister2, D. Scholz3, and A. Mangini2 G. Lohmann et al.
  • 1Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bussestr. 24, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 2Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
  • 3Institut für Geowissenschaften, Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
  • 4Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway

Abstract. A synthetic stalagmite δ18O record for the Bunker Cave (51° N, 7° E) is constructed using a combined climate–stalagmite modelling approach where we combine an atmospheric circulation model equipped with water isotopes and a model simulating stalagmite calcite δ18O values. Mixing processes in the soil and karst above the cave represent a natural low-pass filter of the speleothem climate archive. Stalagmite δ18O values at Bunker Cave lag the regional surface climate by 3–4 yr. The power spectrum of the simulated speleothem calcite δ18O record has a pronounced peak at quasi-decadal time scale, which is associated with a large-scale climate variability pattern in the North Atlantic. Our modelling study suggests that stalagmite records from Bunker Cave are representative for large-scale teleconnections and can be used to obtain information about the North Atlantic and its decadal variability.

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